What’s Canada’s Most Popular Holiday

by CiCi
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Canada is a nation rich in diversity, with a cultural mosaic that includes influences from all corners of the globe. Among its many holidays and celebrations, Christmas stands out as the most popular and widely observed. This festive season, marked by its unique blend of cultural traditions, religious observances, and communal activities, captures the spirit of unity and joy that defines the Canadian ethos. This article explores the multifaceted nature of Christmas in Canada, from its historical roots to contemporary practices, highlighting why it remains the most cherished holiday across the country.

Historical Context of Christmas in Canada

Christmas has a long and storied history in Canada, dating back to the early European settlers who brought their customs and traditions with them. The earliest records of Christmas celebrations in Canada can be traced to French settlers in the 17th century, particularly in the regions of New France. These settlers introduced the concept of Réveillon, a late-night feast held after Midnight Mass on Christmas Eve, which remains a beloved tradition in French-Canadian communities today.


The British influence on Christmas became more pronounced following the Seven Years’ War and the subsequent British control of Canada. The Victorian era, in particular, saw the introduction of many Christmas customs that are still prevalent today, such as the Christmas tree, gift-giving, and festive decorations. Queen Victoria and Prince Albert popularized the Christmas tree, which quickly became a central symbol of the holiday in Canadian households.


Cultural Influences and Regional Variations

Canada’s multicultural fabric is reflected in the diverse ways Christmas is celebrated across the country. Each region and community has its own unique traditions, often influenced by the cultural backgrounds of its residents.

In Quebec, for example, the French influence is evident in the celebration of Réveillon, where families gather for a lavish feast that includes traditional dishes like tourtière (meat pie) and bûche de Noël (Yule log cake). The evening often begins with Midnight Mass, a deeply rooted religious observance.

In the Maritime provinces, particularly Newfoundland and Labrador, Mummering is a distinctive Christmas tradition. This involves people dressing in disguises and visiting homes in their communities, where they are invited in for food and drink while the hosts try to guess their identities. This custom reflects the region’s Irish and English heritage.

Western Canada, with its significant Indigenous populations, incorporates Aboriginal traditions into Christmas celebrations. For instance, in some First Nations communities, the holiday season includes Powwows and gatherings where traditional songs, dances, and ceremonies are performed. This blending of Christmas with Indigenous culture highlights the inclusiveness of the holiday.

Religious Significance and Secular Celebration

Christmas in Canada is celebrated by people of various religious backgrounds, but its origins are rooted in Christianity. For Christians, it is a time to commemorate the birth of Jesus Christ, with many attending church services, particularly on Christmas Eve and Christmas Day. Nativity scenes, carol singing, and Advent calendars are common elements of the religious observance.

However, Christmas in Canada has also evolved into a largely secular celebration, embraced by people of all faiths and backgrounds. The secular aspects of Christmas—such as decorating homes with lights and ornaments, exchanging gifts, and enjoying festive foods—have become a significant part of the holiday season. This inclusivity has contributed to the widespread popularity of Christmas in Canada.

The Role of Winter in Canadian Christmas Celebrations

Winter plays a central role in the way Christmas is celebrated in Canada. The country’s cold and snowy climate during December provides a picturesque backdrop for the holiday, enhancing the festive atmosphere. Many Canadians embrace winter activities as part of their Christmas celebrations, including ice skating, sledding, and skiing.

The iconic image of a white Christmas is often a reality in Canada, particularly in regions like the Prairies and Northern Canada. This snowy landscape contributes to the cozy, warm feeling associated with the holiday season. Activities like building snowmen, having snowball fights, and taking horse-drawn sleigh rides are beloved winter pastimes that complement Christmas festivities.

Commercialization and Economic Impact

Like many countries, Canada has seen a significant commercialization of Christmas over the years. The holiday season is a crucial period for retailers, with many businesses relying on the increased consumer spending that occurs in the lead-up to Christmas. Black Friday and Cyber Monday, though originally American phenomena, have become major shopping events in Canada as well, marking the unofficial start of the Christmas shopping season.

The commercialization of Christmas is evident in the extensive advertising campaigns, holiday sales, and the proliferation of Christmas-themed merchandise. Shopping malls and city centers are adorned with elaborate decorations, and Christmas markets pop up in various towns and cities, offering unique gifts and festive treats.

While some critics argue that the commercialization of Christmas detracts from its true meaning, others contend that it brings economic benefits and fosters a sense of excitement and anticipation. The act of gift-giving, central to the commercial aspect of Christmas, is often seen as a way to express love and appreciation for family and friends.

Community and Charitable Activities

Christmas in Canada is also a time for community and charitable activities. Many Canadians take part in efforts to help those in need during the holiday season. Food banks, toy drives, and charitable organizations receive substantial support from individuals and businesses alike. Volunteering at shelters, donating to charities, and participating in community events are common ways Canadians give back during Christmas.

One notable example is the annual Christmas kettles campaign run by the Salvation Army, where volunteers collect donations in red kettles outside stores and in public spaces. This tradition, which dates back to the late 19th century, raises funds to support the organization’s various social services.

In addition to formal charitable efforts, many communities host events that bring people together. Christmas parades, light displays, and public concerts are popular ways for Canadians to celebrate and share the holiday spirit with their neighbors.

Iconic Symbols and Traditions

Several iconic symbols and traditions define Christmas in Canada. These elements contribute to the festive atmosphere and are eagerly anticipated by Canadians of all ages.

  • Christmas Trees and Decorations: The tradition of decorating Christmas trees is central to Canadian celebrations. Families often gather to adorn their trees with lights, ornaments, and tinsel. Outdoor decorations, including lights on houses and public buildings, create a vibrant and cheerful ambiance.
  • Santa Claus: The figure of Santa Claus, with his red suit and white beard, is a beloved symbol of Christmas in Canada. Children eagerly await Santa’s arrival on Christmas Eve, leaving out milk and cookies for him. The tradition of writing letters to Santa is also widespread, with Canada Post offering a special service to ensure that each letter receives a response.
  • Christmas Carols and Music: Music plays a significant role in the holiday season, with Christmas carols and songs heard everywhere from shopping malls to radio stations. Caroling, where groups of people go door-to-door singing Christmas songs, remains a cherished tradition in many communities.
  • Festive Foods: Traditional Christmas foods vary across Canada, reflecting the country’s diverse culinary heritage. Common festive treats include roast turkey or ham, stuffing, cranberry sauce, and an array of desserts like plum pudding, shortbread cookies, and butter tarts. Each region adds its unique flavors to the holiday feast.
  • Christmas Markets: Inspired by European traditions, Christmas markets have become increasingly popular in Canadian cities. These markets offer handcrafted gifts, festive foods, and entertainment, providing a charming and nostalgic holiday experience.

Impact of Immigration on Christmas Celebrations

Canada’s history of immigration has profoundly influenced the way Christmas is celebrated across the country. Each wave of immigrants brought their traditions, enriching the Canadian Christmas experience.

For example, Italian Canadians often celebrate with a Feast of the Seven Fishes on Christmas Eve, a tradition rooted in Southern Italy. Ukrainian Canadians observe Christmas according to the Julian calendar, with celebrations on January 6th and 7th that include a twelve-dish meatless supper on Christmas Eve.

The incorporation of various cultural traditions into Christmas celebrations highlights Canada’s multicultural identity and demonstrates how the holiday serves as a unifying force, bringing people together regardless of their backgrounds.

Christmas in Canadian Media and Popular Culture

The portrayal of Christmas in Canadian media and popular culture has contributed to the holiday’s widespread popularity. Numerous Canadian television shows, movies, and music albums celebrate the season, reflecting its importance in Canadian society.

Canadian holiday films, such as “The Christmas Choir” and “One Magic Christmas,” offer heartwarming stories that capture the essence of the festive season. Television networks air Christmas specials and holiday-themed episodes of popular shows, further embedding the holiday in the cultural consciousness.

Music is another significant aspect of Canadian Christmas culture. Iconic artists like Michael Bublé, whose Christmas album has become a seasonal staple, and traditional carols sung by choirs across the country create a festive soundscape that enhances the holiday spirit.

Environmental Considerations and Sustainable Practices

In recent years, there has been a growing awareness of the environmental impact of Christmas celebrations. Canadians are increasingly adopting sustainable practices to reduce the holiday’s ecological footprint.

One such practice is the use of real Christmas trees from local farms, which are often more environmentally friendly than artificial trees. Real trees are biodegradable and can be recycled into mulch or compost after the holiday season.

Additionally, there is a rising trend towards eco-friendly gift wrapping, using reusable materials like fabric or recycled paper. Many Canadians also choose to give experiences or charitable donations as gifts, reducing the consumption of physical goods.

Efforts to minimize waste extend to holiday decorations and lighting as well. Energy-efficient LED lights and handmade ornaments are popular choices for those looking to celebrate Christmas sustainably.

See also: How Much Holiday Do American Workers Get


Christmas is undeniably the most popular holiday in Canada, celebrated with enthusiasm and joy by people from all walks of life. Its rich tapestry of traditions, influenced by Canada’s diverse cultural heritage, creates a unique and inclusive festive experience. From the historical roots of early European settlers to contemporary practices that emphasize community, charity, and sustainability, Christmas in Canada embodies the spirit of togetherness and generosity.

The enduring appeal of Christmas lies in its ability to adapt and incorporate new traditions while maintaining its core values of family, faith, and goodwill. Whether through the warmth of a family gathering, the sparkle of festive decorations, or the joy of giving and receiving, Christmas continues to be a time of celebration and reflection for Canadians across the country.


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