What is One of the Most Important American Holidays and Why?

by CiCi
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American holidays are diverse and culturally significant, reflecting the nation’s history, values, and traditions. Among these, one of the most prominent and deeply celebrated holidays is Thanksgiving. This article explores the significance, origins, traditions, and cultural impact of Thanksgiving in the United States, offering insights into why it holds such importance to Americans nationwide.

Origins and Historical Significance

Pilgrims and Native Americans

Thanksgiving traces its roots back to the early 17th century when English Pilgrims, seeking religious freedom, arrived aboard the Mayflower and established the Plymouth Colony in what is now Massachusetts. In 1621, after surviving a harsh winter with the help of Native American tribes like the Wampanoag, the Pilgrims celebrated a successful harvest with a three-day feast. This event is often considered the first Thanksgiving and symbolizes cooperation and gratitude between the Pilgrims and Native Americans.


National Recognition

Thanksgiving did not become a regular national holiday until much later. In 1863, during the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln proclaimed Thanksgiving a national holiday to be celebrated on the last Thursday of November. This proclamation aimed to foster unity and gratitude amidst the strife of the Civil War and established Thanksgiving as an annual tradition.


Traditions and Celebrations

Feast and Family Gathering

Central to Thanksgiving celebrations is the traditional feast, typically featuring roast turkey, stuffing, cranberry sauce, mashed potatoes, and various side dishes. Families and friends gather to share this meal, often emphasizing the importance of togetherness and gratitude.

Parades and Festivities

Thanksgiving Day is also marked by parades, the most famous being the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade in New York City. This parade, featuring giant balloons, floats, marching bands, and celebrity performances, has become an iconic part of American culture and is watched by millions nationwide.

Cultural Impact and Modern Observance

Thanksgiving Today

In contemporary American culture, Thanksgiving remains a cherished holiday, embodying values of gratitude, unity, and familial bonds. It serves as a time for reflection on blessings and a pause from daily routines to appreciate loved ones and life’s abundance.

Sports and Entertainment

Beyond family gatherings and feasts, Thanksgiving is associated with American football. The NFL traditionally schedules high-profile games on Thanksgiving Day, drawing massive television audiences and providing entertainment for sports enthusiasts across the country.

Regional and Personal Variations

Diverse Celebrations

While the core traditions of Thanksgiving are widely observed across the United States, variations in food, customs, and regional practices add richness to the holiday experience. For example, Southern states may include dishes like sweet potato pie or cornbread stuffing, reflecting regional culinary traditions.

Alternative Observances

Some Americans may choose to spend Thanksgiving engaging in volunteer work or charitable activities, emphasizing the holiday’s spirit of giving back to the community and helping those in need.

Criticisms and Controversies

Historical and Cultural Context

In recent years, Thanksgiving has also been a subject of critical examination regarding its historical narrative and impact on Native American communities. Some view Thanksgiving through a lens of colonialism and oppression, highlighting the complex historical context that surrounds the holiday.


Critics argue that Thanksgiving has become overly commercialized, with retailers promoting “Black Friday” sales immediately following the holiday, sometimes encroaching on the day’s intended spirit of gratitude and reflection.

See also: How Many Statutory Holiday Days Are There in the UK?


Thanksgiving stands as a cornerstone of American cultural identity, embodying themes of gratitude, unity, and tradition. Its origins rooted in early colonial history have evolved into a modern-day celebration that brings families and communities together across the nation. Despite its complexities and critiques, Thanksgiving continues to hold deep significance for Americans of diverse backgrounds, reinforcing shared values and fostering a sense of national unity amidst cultural diversity.

In essence, Thanksgiving remains not just a holiday of feasting and festivities, but a time-honored tradition that reflects the enduring spirit of gratitude and community in American society.


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