Is Easter a Public Holiday in the USA?

by CiCi
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Easter, a significant religious holiday celebrated by Christians worldwide, commemorates the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, as described in the New Testament of the Bible. It is a moveable feast, meaning it does not have a fixed date on the calendar, but instead, it falls on the first Sunday after the first full moon following the vernal equinox. This article delves into the status of Easter as a public holiday in the United States, exploring its religious significance, cultural impact, and the ways in which it is observed across the nation.

Religious Significance of Easter

Easter is the culmination of the Holy Week in Christianity, which begins with Palm Sunday, marking Jesus’ triumphant entry into Jerusalem. It includes Maundy Thursday, commemorating the Last Supper, and Good Friday, the day of Jesus’ crucifixion. Easter Sunday celebrates the resurrection of Jesus, a cornerstone of Christian faith symbolizing hope, renewal, and eternal life.


Churches across the United States hold special services to mark these events, with Easter Sunday being one of the most attended services of the year. Traditional customs include sunrise services, the decoration of churches with flowers such as lilies, and the singing of hymns and liturgical music.


Easter Observances in the USA

Despite its profound religious significance, Easter is not a federal public holiday in the United States. Federal holidays are those designated by the government, during which non-essential federal government offices are closed, and federal employees are given the day off. Examples of such holidays include Independence Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas.

However, the way Easter is observed varies significantly across different states and communities, often reflecting local customs and the level of religious adherence.

Good Friday Observance

While Easter Sunday itself is not a federal holiday, Good Friday, which precedes Easter, is recognized as a public holiday in some states. States such as Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, New Jersey, North Carolina, North Dakota, and Tennessee observe Good Friday as a holiday. In these states, government offices, schools, and some businesses close for the day.

State and Local Holidays

In areas with high concentrations of Christian populations or strong religious traditions, local governments and businesses may choose to recognize Easter or the days leading up to it. For example, some schools and businesses may close on Good Friday or offer reduced hours on Easter Sunday. Additionally, many businesses, especially those in retail, may close or operate on limited schedules on Easter Sunday to allow employees to observe the holiday with their families.

Cultural Impact of Easter in the USA

Beyond its religious significance, Easter has become deeply embedded in American culture, with numerous traditions and customs that extend beyond the church.

Easter Egg Hunts and Decorations

One of the most popular secular traditions associated with Easter in the United States is the Easter egg hunt. Communities, schools, churches, and families organize events where children search for hidden eggs, often filled with candy or small toys. The White House Easter Egg Roll, held annually on the South Lawn of the White House, is one of the most famous egg hunts in the country, attracting families from across the nation.

Decorating eggs is another cherished activity. Many families dye and decorate hard-boiled eggs in vibrant colors and patterns, often using commercial egg-dyeing kits or homemade dyes made from natural ingredients.

Easter Bunny and Basket Traditions

The Easter Bunny, a folkloric figure similar to Santa Claus, is said to bring Easter eggs and treats to children on Easter Sunday. According to tradition, the Easter Bunny hides eggs and gifts, which children find during Easter morning hunts. This tradition has been commercialized with the sale of chocolate bunnies, stuffed animals, and other themed merchandise.

Easter baskets are another popular tradition, with parents preparing baskets filled with candy, toys, and other goodies for their children. These baskets are often hidden by the Easter Bunny and found by excited children on Easter morning.

Festive Foods

Easter is also associated with special foods and meals. Many families gather for a festive Easter brunch or dinner, often featuring dishes such as ham, lamb, roasted vegetables, and an assortment of desserts like hot cross buns, carrot cake, and Easter-themed cookies.

Comparison with Other Holidays

To understand why Easter is not a federal public holiday, it is helpful to compare it with other holidays that are federally recognized and examine the criteria that determine such status.


Like Easter, Christmas is a major Christian holiday celebrating the birth of Jesus Christ. However, unlike Easter, Christmas is a federal holiday, resulting in nationwide closures of government offices and widespread observance. The recognition of Christmas as a federal holiday reflects its broad cultural significance and its status as a central event in the American holiday calendar.


Thanksgiving is a federal holiday celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November. It is a secular holiday with roots in early American history, commemorating the harvest and other blessings of the past year. Its observance is marked by feasting, family gatherings, and expressions of gratitude. Thanksgiving’s designation as a federal holiday underscores its importance as a unifying cultural event with historical significance.

Independence Day

Independence Day, celebrated on July 4th, commemorates the adoption of the Declaration of Independence in 1776. It is a federal holiday marked by patriotic displays, fireworks, parades, and public ceremonies. As a celebration of national identity and independence, it holds a unique place in American culture and is widely observed across the country.

Reasons for Easter Not Being a Federal Holiday

Several factors contribute to Easter not being recognized as a federal holiday in the United States.

Separation of Church and State

The principle of separation of church and state, enshrined in the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, plays a significant role in the designation of federal holidays. While the government acknowledges holidays with religious origins, such as Christmas, it generally refrains from establishing holidays that are exclusively religious in nature. This approach aims to respect religious diversity and avoid endorsing specific religious practices through federal legislation.

Diverse Religious Landscape

The United States is home to a diverse population with a wide range of religious beliefs and practices. While Christianity is the largest religion, the country also has significant populations of people who identify with other faiths or as non-religious. The federal government seeks to accommodate this diversity by recognizing holidays that have broad cultural significance rather than those specific to particular religious groups.

Economic Considerations

Designating a federal holiday involves significant economic considerations, including the potential impact on productivity, commerce, and government operations. The decision to add a new federal holiday requires careful evaluation of its cultural importance and the practical implications for the nation’s economy and workforce.

Easter Celebrations Across the USA

Despite not being a federal holiday, Easter is celebrated with enthusiasm and creativity across the United States. Various regions and communities have their own unique ways of marking the occasion, reflecting local customs and traditions.

New York City

In New York City, the annual Easter Parade and Bonnet Festival on Fifth Avenue is a colorful and whimsical event where participants showcase elaborate hats and costumes. The parade is a festive display of creativity and fashion, attracting both locals and tourists.

New Orleans

New Orleans, known for its vibrant cultural scene, celebrates Easter with a series of parades, including the Historic French Quarter Parade and the Chris Owens Easter Parade. These parades feature floats, live music, and participants dressed in festive attire, adding to the city’s lively atmosphere.

San Francisco

San Francisco’s Union Street Easter Parade and Spring Celebration is a family-friendly event featuring live music, children’s activities, and an array of Easter-themed booths. The parade itself is a highlight, showcasing creative floats and colorful costumes.

Washington, D.C.

The White House Easter Egg Roll, mentioned earlier, is a longstanding tradition in Washington, D.C. This event, hosted by the First Family, includes activities such as egg rolling, storytelling, and musical performances, making it a cherished celebration for families.

See also: What American Holidays Are In Apri


Easter, with its profound religious significance and cultural impact, is a widely celebrated holiday in the United States. While it is not recognized as a federal public holiday, its observance is marked by a rich tapestry of traditions, both religious and secular. From church services and sunrise ceremonies to Easter egg hunts and festive parades, Americans across the country find diverse and meaningful ways to celebrate this special day.

The decision not to designate Easter as a federal holiday reflects the principles of separation of church and state, the diverse religious landscape of the nation, and economic considerations. Nevertheless, Easter’s importance in American culture is undeniable, as it brings people together to commemorate a central event in Christian faith and to enjoy time-honored customs with family and community.

Ultimately, Easter in the United States is a testament to the nation’s ability to honor religious traditions while embracing cultural diversity, allowing individuals and communities to celebrate in ways that resonate with their beliefs and values.


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