How Many Holidays Are There in Australia

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Australia, a country known for its diverse cultures and landscapes, celebrates a variety of holidays throughout the year. These holidays include national public holidays, state-specific holidays, and various cultural and religious observances. Understanding the number and significance of holidays in Australia requires exploring the different types of holidays, their origins, and their cultural and social importance. This article provides a comprehensive overview of the holidays celebrated across Australia, highlighting their diversity and impact on Australian society.

National Public Holidays

Definition and Importance

National public holidays in Australia are designated by the federal government and are observed nationwide. These holidays typically commemorate significant events in Australian history, culture, and national identity. They provide opportunities for Australians to celebrate, reflect, and spend time with family and friends.


List of National Public Holidays

New Year’s Day (1 January):Celebrates the beginning of the new year with festivities and public events across the country.


Australia Day (26 January):Commemorates the arrival of the First Fleet at Port Jackson in 1788, marking the founding of the colony of New South Wales, which later became Australia. It is a day of national pride and reflection.

Good Friday:A Christian holiday marking the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, observed with religious services and family gatherings.

Easter Saturday:The day before Easter Sunday, often observed with preparations for Easter celebrations and religious services.

Easter Sunday:Celebrates the resurrection of Jesus Christ, observed with religious services and family gatherings.

Easter Monday:A continuation of Easter celebrations, often marked by family gatherings and recreational activities.

Anzac Day (25 April):Commemorates the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) soldiers who fought at Gallipoli during World War I. It is a day of remembrance and respect for all Australians who have served and died in war and conflict.

Queen’s Birthday (Second Monday in June, except in Western Australia):Honors the reigning monarch of Australia with public events and ceremonies. In Western Australia, it is celebrated on the first Monday in October.

Labour Day (First Monday in October, except in Queensland and Northern Territory):Celebrates the achievements of workers and the labour movement with parades, picnics, and community events. In Queensland and the Northern Territory, it is observed on different dates.

Christmas Day (25 December):Celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ with religious services, gift-giving, and family gatherings.

Boxing Day (26 December):Traditionally a day for giving gifts to the less fortunate, it is now observed with shopping, sports events, and family gatherings.

State-Specific Holidays

Variations Across States and Territories

In addition to national public holidays, each state and territory in Australia has its own set of holidays that reflect local history, culture, and traditions. These holidays may include commemorations of state-specific events, regional festivals, and public holidays unique to certain jurisdictions.

Examples of State-Specific Holidays

Australia Capital Territory (ACT):Canberra Day (Second Monday in March): Celebrates the founding of Canberra as the capital city of Australia.

New South Wales (NSW):Bank Holiday (First Monday in August): Originally a bank holiday, now a day for cultural and recreational activities.

Northern Territory (NT):Picnic Day (First Monday in August): A day for picnics, community events, and recreational activities.

Queensland (QLD):Labour Day (First Monday in May): Celebrates the achievements of workers and the labour movement.

South Australia (SA):Proclamation Day (28 December): Commemorates the establishment of South Australia as a British province.

Tasmania (TAS):Eight Hours Day (Second Monday in March): Celebrates the achievement of the eight-hour working day.

Victoria (VIC):Melbourne Cup Day (First Tuesday in November): A public holiday in metropolitan Melbourne to coincide with the Melbourne Cup horse race.

Western Australia (WA):Foundation Day (First Monday in June): Celebrates the foundation of the Swan River Colony, which later became Western Australia.

Cultural and Religious Observances

Diversity of Celebrations

Australia’s multicultural society is reflected in the celebration of various cultural and religious observances throughout the year. These holidays may not be public holidays but are significant to specific communities and are often marked by cultural events, ceremonies, and religious practices.

Examples of Cultural and Religious Observances

Chinese New Year:Celebrated by the Chinese community with parades, dragon dances, and traditional feasts.

Diwali:Celebrated by the Indian community with lights, fireworks, and festive meals.

Ramadan and Eid al-Fitr:Observed by the Muslim community with fasting, prayers, and feasting at the end of Ramadan.

Hanukkah:Celebrated by the Jewish community with the lighting of the menorah, traditional foods, and family gatherings.

NAIDOC Week:Celebrates the history, culture, and achievements of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples with community events and cultural activities.

Impact of Holidays on Australian Society

Social and Economic Effects

Holidays play a significant role in Australian society, impacting various aspects of life including:

  • Tourism and Hospitality: Holidays often stimulate domestic tourism and boost the economy through increased spending on travel, accommodation, and leisure activities.
  • Community Cohesion: Holidays provide opportunities for communities to come together, celebrate shared values, and strengthen social bonds.
  • Work-Life Balance: Holidays promote work-life balance by providing opportunities for rest, relaxation, and time spent with loved ones.
  • Cultural Identity: Holidays reinforce cultural identity and heritage, celebrating Australia’s diverse multicultural landscape.

See also: When is the Public Holiday for Australia Day 2024?


The diversity and richness of holidays in Australia reflect its multicultural society, historical events, and regional traditions. From national public holidays that unite the nation to state-specific celebrations that honor local history, each holiday contributes to the fabric of Australian identity. Cultural and religious observances further enrich the holiday calendar, highlighting the contributions of different communities to Australian culture.

Understanding the significance of holidays in Australia involves recognizing their social, cultural, and economic impacts. Holidays provide opportunities for reflection, celebration, and community engagement, fostering a sense of belonging and pride among Australians. As Australia continues to evolve, its holiday traditions will continue to evolve, reflecting the dynamic nature of its society and the values it holds dear.


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